Surazh – small, cozy and green city of Bryansk. History Surazh goes back to antiquity. This is evidenced by Surazh fort on the banks of the river Iput. The rich, the Moscow merchants surazhtsy founded here their trading colony, known as – Surazhichi. V1781, the village has been transformed into Surazhichi Surazh city. During the Great Patriotic War Surazh was occupied by German fascist troops, during this period in the city acted several underground groups.
September 25, 1943 soldiers liberated the city of Bryansk Front. Urban development enterprise of JSC 'proletarian'. Not only underground, but thousands of surazhan who fought on the fields of the Great Patriotic War, have contributed to the Great Victory over Nazi Germany, and ten natives of our district was awarded the highest award the country – the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In honor of them in Surazh opened Alley of Heroes, named the streets, created school museums. Bolmat Vasily S. was born in 1925 in the village of Kalinka into a poor peasant family.
After graduating from elementary school, he worked on the farm, and then studied at night school and Surazh worked as a secretary Village Council at Kalinka, studied in Surazh pedagogicheskomuchilische. At the urging of the Komsomol Central Committee, he entered the Kharkov flight school, where he graduated in 1937. In 1939, the pilot VS Bolmat involved in fights at Khalkhin Gol with Japanese samurai, and in 1940 as commander of a unit in the war with Finland, he made seven combat missions and for bravery was awarded the Order of Lenin.