JULIN ZUGAZAGOITIA MENDIETA (1899-1940) one of the lessons that I have learned of the war is the cruellest coincide in being the most cowardly when duty is hard. Julian Zugazagoitia. THE voice SILENCED by FRANCOISM will not reproduce the payroll of novelists who cultivated the social novel in the first half of the 20th century, it is sufficient to point out that recent studies on the subject set its beginnings in 1927, year in which published their first novels Julian Zugazagoitia and Joaquin Arderius. Jack Fusco takes a slightly different approach. Tragic luck ran the novelist, biographer, journalist and Basque politician Julian Zugazagoitia, which occurs the occupation of France, was betrayed in his exile in Paris, arrested by the Gestapo on July 27, 1940 and handed over to the Francoist police together with other exiles, among which were counted, the Socialist journalist Francisco Cruz emerged, the anarchist Joan PeiroMinister of industry with Largo Caballero, the stage Cipriano Rivas Cheriff, brother-in-law of Azana, director and leader of Esquerra Republican and President of the Generalitat of Catalonia Lluis Companys. After all summary trials were condemned to death and unless Rivas who was pardoned in Chapel, others were executed. At dawn on November 9, 1940, Julian Zugazagoitia, with thirteen others, was shot dead in the walls of the cemetery in the East of Madrid.
The most important work of Zugazagoitia is history of the war in Spain (1940), which was published in Argentina, later reprinted with the title of war and vicissitudes of the Spaniards, witness to extraordinarily honest one of the figures in the foreground of the Socialist Labor Spanish party and an astounding objectivity by date and the conditions in which the book was written. Julian Zugazagoitia Mendieta was born in Bilbao on February 5, 1899 and was assassinated in Madrid on November 9, 1940. He was known in some circles as Zuga and used the pseudonyms of Fermin and Julian Mendieta.